There is a high chance you will have the opportunity to see wildlife when you are exploring the outdoors. Please educate yourself on what species may be in the area you are staying and what to do if you come in contact with wildlife. Remember, the goal is to scare off potential threats, not injure them.
Avoid if possible! Remain CALM and stay together if you are in a group. Back away slowly, preferably in the direction you came. Walk, don’t run, and keep your eye on the bear so you can see how it will react. In most cases, the bear will flee.
For a more in depth bear encounter how-to, check out http://www.bearsmart.com/play/bear-encounters/.
If you encounter a moose, it may react by leaving the area or charging you. By rule of thumb, if you are causing the moose to change its behaviour in any way, you are too close. Moose will show warning signs if it feels threatened. Their ears may lay back, the hair on the back of the neck and hips may stand, they may smack their lips, they may even urinate on their back legs. If you see a moose showing any of these signs, back away. If the moose begins to charge at you, RUN.
For more information on moose encounters, visit https://www.outdoors.org/articles/amc-outdoors/responding-to-moose-encounters
Keep all food and garbage away from any potential visitors. Small animals like raccoons and skunks make your trash a feast. Do not engage skunks or try to scare/surprise them. If you see a skunk, calmly turn around and walk away. If the skunk sprays, you can find lots of remedies online to remove the odour. If you see a raccoon, make yourself large. Do not approach them and try waving your hands in the air and shouting. If you are at a safe distance, you can happily observe from afar without harming yourself or the animal.
Squirrels and Chipmunks are not known to be aggressive. Enjoy watching them from afar!
Some birds may ‘swoop’ to protect its habitat. Swooping is a common scare tactic to keep you away from the nest and its young.
Coyote attacks are very rare but there is a chance that you may encounter them while in Nova Scotia. Act big and be loud if you feel threatened. If it begins to approach you, throw clumps of dirt, small stones, sticks - remember we want to scare if off, not hurt them.